On Oct. 16, 1962, the Cuban missile crisis began as President John F. Kennedy was told that reconnaissance photos had revealed missile bases in Cuba.
In 1859, abolitionist John Brown led 21 men in a raid on Harpers Ferry in western Virginia; 10 of Brown’s men were killed and five escaped. Brown and six followers were captured; all were executed.
In 1916, Planned Parenthood had its beginnings as Margaret Sanger and her sister, Ethel Byrne, opened the first birth control clinic in Brooklyn, N.Y.; the clinic ended up being raided by police and Sanger was arrested.
In 1968, American athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos sparked controversy at the Mexico City Olympics by giving “black power” salutes after they won gold and bronze medals.