State Sen. Wilbur Jolly's voice thundered as he spoke at a public hearing in the legislature on April 1, 1959. Out-of-wedlock births were soaring and he had a solution. After an unmarried woman gave birth for the third time, he said, she should be sterilized.
A group of blacks was in the audience, and Jolly shook his finger at them as he made his points. "You should be concerned about this bill," said Jolly, a white Democrat from Franklin County. "One out of four of your race is illegitimate."